Douglas Fir – Pseudotsuga menziesii

Walk through Pier Park and you find yourself walking under the high canopy of Oregon’s state tree  – the Douglas fir. Doug-fir-landscapeDouglas firs definitely dominate the park’s landscape.  Coastal Douglas firs are the 2nd tallest trees in the world (2nd to the Redwood) and can live between 500 – 1000 years old.

Douglas firs, named after the famous Scottish botanist, David Douglas, are not true firs. Unlike a true fir its cones grow downward. Seeds from the cones, easily identified by the 3-forked looking bracts, are a favorite food of the park’s squirrels, which eat them like corn on the cob. Watch for squirrel “middens” – piles of cone scales –Douglas Fir photo by Joanie Beldinand chewed cones on your next walk. Douglas fir needles are the sole diet of the Red Tree Vole.

Coast Douglas fir is one of the world’s best timber producers. Its wood is widely used for dimensional lumber, flooring, railroad ties and plywood. Its sap is a source for glue and photo supplies from its sap. This is the nations most popular Christmas tree.

Summer in Pier Park would not be the same without the shade of our Douglas firs.

Photo and text by Joanie Beldin

By Mary Ann Aschenbrenner

Mary Ann Aschenbrenner is President of Waterlink Web, a web development firm located in the St. Johns neighborhood of North Portland. An active neighborhood volunteer, Mary Ann served on the Friends of Pier Park board for over eight years and is the designer and administrator of this site.